Updating ports tree
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[path]Usage of Portsnap Running Portsnap as Cron Jobportsnap fetch will not be able to execute from a cron job to avoid burden of sudden surge of downloading request to Portsnap servers.
(default: /etc/portsnap.conf)-I : For the update command, update INDEX files, but not the rest of the ports tree.-k KEY : Expect a public key with given SHA256 hash.The behavior and operation of Portsnap is controlled by configuration file located in /etc (in /usr/local/etc/ if Portsnap is installed from the Free BSD Ports Collection, and the configuration file is not automatically generated when freshly installed, instead you’ll found sample, just copy it as portsnap.conf).Generally, default configuration file will does its jobs.As you can see, it's pretty awesome - and people recognize that. It can also be called via a cron script so your tree is updated automatically every night. Once you have /usr/ports populated with all the makefiles and patches, you're ready to begin installing whatever you need.The way it works is like this: you have a collection of makefiles and patches stored locally on your system. We'll go through a few basic tasks you might want to do, but first..Depending on the usage of the machine, you might need a web server, a graphical desktop or anything in between.
One of the best features of BSD is that there is a clear separation between the base system and external software. There are (at least) two ways to install third party software: with binary packages or with ports.2014-02-26 Live demo in BSD Now Episode 026 | Originally written by TJ for | Last updated: 2014/03/02 NOTE: the author/maintainer of the tutorial(s) is no longer with the show, so the information below may be outdated or incorrect.So you've just finished installing your new Free BSD system. While the base OS includes quite a lot of useful utilities, you're probably going to need to install some third party software.Since then, it's grown to become the most powerful and flexible way to manage software. You only need to do "fetch extract" the very first time you install.It's been copied and imitated by others, and is the basis of Open BSD's ports, Net BSD's pkgsrc, Dragon Fly BSD's dports and even Gentoo Linux's portage. After that, you can keep your tree up to date by issuing: For more information and options, see the portsnap man page.But using Mac Ports to manage your open source software provides several other significant advantages.